In studying theology, often we start with our understanding of what we believe about the Bible. God has revealed Himself to us through nature and the world around us, what we call “general revelation”. But in order to understand who He is and who Christ is, God reveals Himself more fully to us through the Bible, what we call “special revelation”. The Bible is also called God’s Word. This is because God is the author of the Bible though He used human authors to communicate. The Bible is “God-breathed”, meaning it is given through God’s inspiration to man. God worked through the personalities and styles of each human author in order to communicate His truth to us. The Bible is not only inspired by God, but it is without error – inerrant. Because it is from God and it is God’s truth, we know that it is without error since God cannot lie. It is from the Bible that we get our theology – our knowledge of God, salvation and what the church should be.
Verses regarding the inspiration and inerrancy of the Bible:
2 Timothy 3:16- “All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness,”
2 Peter 1:19-21- “And we have something more sure, the prophetic word, to which you will do well to pay attention as to a lamp shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts, knowing this first of all, that no prophecy of Scripture comes from someone’s own interpretation. For no prophecy was ever produced by the will of man, but men spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.”
The Bible (also referred to as Scripture) is authoritative and sufficient. It is authoritative because it is from God, Who is the ultimate authority over all. “All the words in Scripture are God’s words in such a way that to disbelieve or disobey any word of Scripture is to disbelieve or disobey God.” (Wayne Grudem, Systematic Theology) Throughout the Bible is the phrase “Thus says the Lord” revealing God’s power and sovereignty. The sufficiency of Scripture can be seen in 2 Peter 1:3 where it says, “His divine power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us to his own glory and excellence,” (ESV).